Often a writer will add an 's' following an apostrophe, as in "PC's". Iverson, Cheryl,. Archived from the original on October 27, 2010. Examples include "Crxn" for "crystallization" and the series familiar to physicians for history, diagnosis, and treatment hx "dx "tx. (A similar set of words is sometimes left as lowercase in headers and publication titles.) Sometimes function words are included to make a pronounceable acronym, such as core ( Congress of Racial Equality ). Multiple initial letters (often the initial syllable of words) are often drawn together, as seen more in some languages than others. 70 For example, the letters of the " SAT a US college entrance test originally dubbed "Scholastic Aptitude Test no longer officially stand for anything. Retrieved August 24, 2007. The Modern Language Association 51 and American Psychological Association 52 53 prohibit apostrophes from being used to pluralize acronyms regardless of periods (so "compact discs" would be "CDs" or "C.D.s whereas The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage. The charity sports organization Team in Training is known as "TNT" and not "TIT".
It is possible then to abbreviate this as "M's P". By 1943, the term acronym had been used in English to recognize abbreviations (and contractions of phrases) that were pronounced as words. Thus modem modulator-demodulator is an acronym, and AES Audio Engineering Society is an abbreviation or initialism." "The Correct Use of Acronyms and Initialisms" "Scribendi Proofreading Services", accessed August 13, 2015: "An acronym is a word formed from the initial letters of a name or phrase. Brockhaus, 192223, c192123. . And those pronounced as a series of characters" Jean Praninskas, Trade Name Creation, 1968. "They can call it the.G.N. "Averting the proliferation of acronymophilia in dermatology: effectively avoiding adcomsubordcomphibspac". A b Quinion, Michael (2005). "acronym" "AES Pro Audio Reference", accessed August 13, 2015: "A word formed from the first letters of a name, such as laser for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation, or by combining initial letters. Subsidiary was called " RBC Bank "....
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Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (6th. Initialism, an older word than acronym, seems to be too little known to the general public to serve as the customary term standing in contrast with acronym in a narrow sense. 75 Russia Today has rebranded itself. "Guide to the Third Edition of the OED". Fowler's Modern English Usage (Third Revised.).
An example of creating a backronym for comedic effect would be in naming a group or organization, the name "A.C.R.O.N.Y.M" stands for (among other things) "a clever regiment of nerdy young men". Acronyms as legendary etymology edit See also: Backronym It is not uncommon for acronyms to be cited in a kind of false etymology, called a folk etymology, for a word. American Telephone and Telegraph Company AT T). If they like he thought, "but that's the only difference. The distinction from acronym is not universally agreed-upon; in general, words such as nato, where the letters form a word, are regarded as acronyms, those such as FBI, where the letters sound as letters, are initialisms. Representing plurals and possessives edit There is a question about how to pluralize acronyms. ; published in the US as Quinion, Michael (2006). Other examples include " ATM machine " EAB bank " CableACE Award " DC Comics " HIV virus Microsoft's NT Technology, and the formerly redundant " SAT test now simply "SAT Reasoning Test. Large numbers may use metric prefixes, as with " Y2K " for "Year 2000" (sometimes written "Y2k because the SI symbol for 1000 is "k"not "K which stands for " kelvin.
"Users of the term acronym make no distinction between those pronounced as words. Webster's New Universal Unabridged Dictionary (2003 Barnes Noble. For instance, the full name of China's highest ruling council, the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC is "Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China". Many proper nouns become shorter and shorter over time. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
Times, 11 December 1978. "Genzyme Transgenics Corporation" became "GTC Biotherapeutics, Inc." in order to reduce perceived corporate risk of sabotage/vandalism by Luddite activists. For example, the official name for the Roman Empire, and the Republic before it, was abbreviated as spqr ( Senatus Populusque Romanus ). "Libraries Australia .H. For example, the Golkar political party stands for "Partai Golongan Karya Monas stands for "Monumen Nasional" (National Monument the Angkot public transport stands for "Angkutan Kota" ( city public transportation warnet stands for "warung internet" ( internet cafe and many others. Some examples of the syllabic type are Gestapo rather than GSP (for Geheime Staatspolizei, 'Secret State Police Flak rather than FAK (for Fliegerabwehrkanone, anti-aircraft gun Kripo rather than KP (for Kriminalpolizei, detective division police). Archived from the original on July 26, 2010.
The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language, Cambridge University Press. It is useful for the short name to give a reminder of the long name, which supports the reasonable censure of "cutesy" examples that provide little to no hint. During the mid- to late 19th century, an acronym-disseminating trend spread through the American and European business communities: abbreviating corporation names such as on the sides of railroad cars (e.g., "Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad" "RF. Vietnamese edit In Vietnamese, which has an abundance of compound words, initialisms are very commonly used for both proper and common nouns. "Urban Legends Reference Pages: Language (Acronyms.
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Webcam sexchat norske jenter nakenAnother term "comnavseacombatsysengsta which stands for "Commander, Naval Sea Systems Combat Engineering Station" is longer but the word "Combat" is not shortened. "acronym." Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, accessed May 2, 2006: "a word (as nato, radar, or laser) formed from the initial letter or letters of each of the successive parts or major parts of a compound term; also: an abbreviation (as FBI). (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) "Definition of CRT". Another example is vital, which expands to " vhdl Initiative Towards asic Libraries" (a total of 15 words when fully expanded). In the case. but not when pronounced as a word, as in " nato ".
Apart from that confusion, acronyms and other abbreviations cause confusion any time a reader is likely not to know what the spelled-out version." "initialism" "Online Etymology Dictionary", accessed August 13, 2015: "initialism (n.) word formed from. There are also cases where some longer phrases are abbreviated drastically, especially in Chinese politics, where proper nouns were initially translated from Soviet Leninist terms. 63 The argument that acronyms should have no different plural form (for example, "If D can stand for disc, it can also stand for discs is in general disregarded because of the practicality in distinguishing singulars and plurals. 442, isbn.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list ( link ) a b "Language Log: Orphan initialisms". An acronym is a word or name formed as a type of abbreviation formed from the initial components of the words of a longer content such as of a name or phrase: often with individual initial letters,.
In an informal competition run by the magazine New Scientist, a fully documented specimen was discovered that may be the most deeply nested of all: rars is the "Regional atovs Retransmission Service atovs is "Advanced tovs tovs is " tiros. Usage Note: In strict usage, the term acronym refers to a word made from the initial letters or parts of other words, such as sonar from so(und) na(vigation and) r(anging). However, the raison d'être of clinical trial acronyms, as with gene and protein symbols, is simply to have a syntactically usable and recallable short name to complement the long name that is often syntactically unusable and not memorized. For example, " cop " is commonly cited as being derived, it is presumed, from "constable on patrol 43 and " posh " from " port outward, starboard home ". 72 73 This is common with companies that want to retain brand recognition while moving away from an outdated image: American Telephone and Telegraph became AT T, 70 " Kentucky Fried Chicken " became " KFC " to de-emphasize. Indonesian edit See also: List of Indonesian acronyms and abbreviations There is also a widespread use of acronyms in Indonesia in every aspect of social life. Initialisms are purely a written convenience, being pronounced the same way as their expansions. However, other reasonable critiques have been (1) that it is irresponsible to mention trial acronyms without explaining them at least once by providing the long names somewhere in the document, 79 and (2) that the proliferation of trial.
" in reports, but when pronounced as a word ( awol it became an acronym. Casing of expansions edit Although many authors of expository writing show a predisposition to capitalizing the initials of the expansion for pedagogical emphasis (trying to thrust the reader's attention toward where the letters are coming from this sometimes conflicts with. The use of acronym in entries in this dictionary that are technically initialisms is a deliberate error, because many people only know to search for all such words under 'acronym. Other conventions edit When a multiple-letter abbreviation is formed from a single word, periods are in general not used, although they may be common in informal usage. "SOSes or when pluralizing an abbreviation that has periods. Navy, is "comcrudespac which stands for "commander, cruisers destroyers Pacific it is also seen as "ComCruDesPac". There is only one known pre-twentieth-century English word with an acronymic origin and it was in vogue for only a short time in 1886. A set of initials representing a name, organization, or the like, with each letter pronounced separately, as FBI for Federal Bureau of Investigation." "acronym". Katie Drummond (July 6, 2010). Larry Trask, American author of The Penguin Guide to Punctuation, states categorically that, in British English, "this tiresome and unnecessary practice is now obsolete." 48 Pronunciation-dependent style and periods edit Nevertheless, some influential style guides, many of them American, still require periods in certain instances.
And SHL Systemhouse Ltd. In some cases alternative pronunciations are used, as in Saiky for, from Saitama Tkyo rather than Sai. However, this is more precisely a combination acronym/ clipped compound, as multiple initial letters of some constituent words are used. For example, The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage recommends following each segment with a period when the letters are pronounced individually, as in ".G.B. Inscriptions dating from antiquity, both on stone and on coins, use many abbreviations and acronyms to save space and work.